Concrete prefabrication. Lessons from the past and advances for the future
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Secretary General, International Federation for Structural Concrete (fi b)
Publication date: 2019-09-25
Cement Wapno Beton 24(5) 351-360 (2019)
Prefabrication in concrete has evolved in depth and breadth from its beginnings, bringing many of the advantages of industrialisation to construction, while solving some of the problems that arose in the early years. Today prefabrication, compared to traditional construction methods, and concrete as a material, feature a number of beneficial characteristics. Precast elements are factory made products. The only way to industrialise the construction industry is to shift work from temporary construction sites to modern permanent facilities. Factory production entails rational and efficient manufacturing processes, skilled workers, systematisation of repetitive tasks, and lower labour costs per m2 as a result of automated production. Automation is gradually being implemented in factories and is already in place in areas such as the preparation of reinforcing steel, mould assembly, concrete casting, and surface finishing on architectural concrete
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