Influence of the aggregate type on delayed ettringite formation
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Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kielce University of Technology, Poland
Publication date: 2022-08-15
Cement Wapno Beton 27(2) 144-151 (2022)
The studies carried out aimed to define the influence of the aggregate type on the simultaneous occurrence of the alkali-silica reaction and delayed ettringite formation. In their composition, sand or calcium aggregate and aggregates containing 6% opal with graining of 0.5 to 1.0 mm, were used. Mortars from each type of aggregate and Portland cement containing 1.2% Na2Oe and 4.5% SO3 were prepared, and then cured in water at 90°C. Studies have shown a great influence of the type of aggregate on the expansion caused by the delayed ettringite formation. In this case, the calcium aggregate visibly reduces the expansion of a mortar caused by delayed ettringite formation, while it has a much smaller influence on the expansion of the bars, caused by the potassium reaction with opal. Microstructure observations have shown that sodium-potassium-calcium silicate gel and ettringite around the aggregate grains, are responsible for expansion in the case of sand with opal addition.
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