Effect of synthetic zeolite on tobermorite synthesis
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Łukasiewicz Research Network, Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials, Kraków, Poland
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kielce University of Technology, Poland
Publication date: 2023-02-26
Cement Wapno Beton 27(5) 320–329 (2022)
This paper presents the results of a study of the effect of synthetic zeolite addition on the formation of tobermorite in a burnt lime-quartz mixture. Synthetic zeolite was obtained by thermal activation of halloysite followed by boiling in sodium hydroxide solution. In this study, the formation of tobermorite was investigated at a constant CaO/SiO2 molar ratio of 0.86 under autoclaving conditions corresponding to saturated steam pressure at 180ºC. The synthesis times were 4 and 12 hours. Synthetic zeolite was added at 5%, 15% and 30%. Studies have shown that synthetic zeolite infl uences the formation of hydrated calcium silicates with poor crystallinity. After 4 hours of autoclaving for samples with synthetic zeolite, a small peak of tobermorite can be found on the XRD pattern. In samples where the molar ratio of Al/(Al+Si) > 0.15 was exceeded, hydrogarnets of the hibschite-katoite group appear. The paper shows that hydrogarnets of the hibschite-katoite group appear for samples with 15% and 30% zeolite after 4 hours of hydrothermal treatment. The intensity of the katoite reflection decreases with increasing autoclaving time and disappears for the sample with 15% zeolite after 12 hours of autoclaving. The presence of portlandite was also demonstrated in these samples.
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